7 Different Types of Thinking and Thinkers in Psychology

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Just like we are all different from the outside, similarly, we all have different types of thinking from each other. Our brain may look the same, but the way of using it is different for everyone. Just like everyone has a computer, but someone becomes Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg by using it and some consider it to be just a means of entertainment.

There is the thinking that makes your identity. Despite the different thinking processes of all the people, there are 7 most common types of thinking and thinkers in psychology.

What are the 7 Most Common Types of Thinking?

There are 7 different types of thinking and thinkers in psychology:

1. Creative Thinking

Ability to embrace new and innovative ideas breaking from established ideas, principles, rules, and procedures. People who use this thinking often hear that they “think outside the box”.

2. Analytical Thinking

The ability to separate a whole into its basic parts to examine the parts and their relationships. People with this type of thinking are great problem-solvers and have a structured and systematic way of doing things.

3. Critical Thinking

The process of careful evaluation or decision making. Critical thinkers do this to determine the authenticity, accuracy, value, validity, or value of something. Instead of strictly breaking down information into parts, critical thinkers explore other elements that could have influenced the conclusion.

4. Concrete Thinking

More often than not, this type of thinker prefers to think, understand, and apply factual knowledge. It is about thinking of objects or ideas as specific objects rather than as a theoretical representation of a general concept. It involves only practical thinking, always literal and to-the-point.

5. Abstract Thinking

The ability to associate seemingly random things with each other and make connections that are difficult for others to see. People with this type of thinking focus on the hidden meanings behind things related to other objects, events, or experiences. Abstract thinkers can generally see things as principles and/or possibilities.

6. Divergent Thinking

This mindset leads to an infinite number of solutions to find an effective solution. So, instead of starting with a fixed number of possibilities and converging on an answer, divergent thinkers go as far as possible and move outwards in search of solutions.

7. Convergent Thinking

The process of combining a finite number of perspectives or ideas to find a single solution. Convergent thinkers will target these possibilities, or converge them inward, to come up with a solution.
Treat it as a multiple-choice question in an exam. You have four possible answers but only one is correct. To solve the problem, you would use convergent thinking.

Now, as we’ve explored the 7 most common types of thinking, let us identify your personal thinking style and learn how you can make the most of it.

What Types of Thinking Do You Identify With?

We need to understand how our brain works so that we can make our brain work in a better way.

Would you describe yourself as a logical or creative person? Are you rational or do you prefer to think in abstract terms? Research shows that the kind of thinking you adopt has an impact on the kind of person you become.

To identify which thinking styles or thinking preferences you associate with I made a Thinking Style Test that is also known as a psychometric test or brain dominance test. That is basically bases on Split-brain theory.

Thinking Styles Test or Thinking Preferences Test

This test is basically based on the split-brain theory that says our brain is divided into two hemispheres – The Left Brain and the Right Brain. Each hemisphere has a different style. As the left brain is the Analytical brain and the right brain is the creative brain.

Split brain theory

Further, both hemispheres are divided into four-part – upper left brain, lower left brain, and upper right brain, lower right brain.

This test has two assessments with 20 and 8 questions each related to present your attitudes and your interests.

Click on Psychometric Test to know more about the test.


Saurabh Goel

Saurabh Goel

Saurabh Goel is the founder of Brain Soul & You. He is an Entrepreneur, Author, Brain Performance coach, NLP Wellness Coach, Life Coach, Brain Analyst, and Trainer for Education, Corporate, Entrepreneurship.


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